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Wellness Quick Facts
Depression is a serious medical illness that involves the brain. It's more than just a feeling of being "down in the dumps" or "blue" for a few days. If you are one of the more than 20 million people in the United States who have depression the symptoms that may persist and interfere with your everyday life are as follows: (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/)
- Depressed Mood
- Anhedonia (inability to experience pleasure from activities usually found enjoyable)
- Weight/Appetite changes
- Hypersomnia or Insomnia
- Psychomotor activity changes
- Low Energy
- Feelings of Worthlessness
- Feelings of Hoplessness
- Low Self-Esteem
- Poor Concentration
- Strained Decision-making
- Suicidial Ideation
What to do if you think these symptoms describe you:
- Tell someone!
- Seek psychotherapy/counseling
- Try a support group, which is not treatment
- Medication may be an option
- In severe cases inpatient services can be helpful
Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) /Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a problem with inattentiveness, over-activity, impulsivity, or a combination of both. ADD/ADHD are terms used to describe a group of behaviors that most often appear in young, school-aged children. It is now known that these symptoms may continue into adulthood for about 60% of children with ADHD. That translates into 4% of the U.S. adult population, or 8 million adults. Individuals with ADD/ADHD may experience the following symptoms: (http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health)
- Does not give close attention to details
- Makes careless mistakes
- Can't keep attention on tasks
- Doesn't seem to listen when spoken to
- Lacks follow through on instructions/fails to finish things
- Trouble organizing
- Avoids dislikes things that require a lot of mental effort
- Loses things
- Is easily distracted
- Forgetful in daily activities
- Fidgets with hands or feet; squirms in seat
- Gets up from seat when expected to sit
- Runs about recklessley or climbs where not appropriate
- Feels restless often
- Trouble playing/leisure activities quietly
- Often is "on the go"
- Talks excessively
- Blurts out answers before questions are finished
- Difficulty waiting one's turn
- Interrupts others or intrudes on others
What to do, if you believe you have ADD/ADHD Symptoms
First, don't assume that you have this disrorder. There may be other things that may account for your symptoms that can be easily addressed.
Consider seeing a mental health professional for an assessment and discuss options and ways to cope with the symptoms.
Stress and Stress Management
Stress can be described as the rate of wear and tear on our bodies. Stress is an unpleasant state of emotional and physiological arousal that people experience in situations that they perceive as intense, and or anxiety provoking. Increased stress increases productivity – up to a point, after which things rapidly deteriorate, and that level also differs for each of us. It's much like the stress or tension on a violin string. Not enough produces a dull raspy sound and too much an irritating screech or snaps the string – but just the right amount of stress creates a beautiful tone. Similarly, we all have to find the right amount of stress that permits us to make pleasant music in our daily lives. Following are common symptoms among individuals experiencing stress: http://www.stress.org/about/
- Body temperature
- Cold/hot hands or feet, fever, ill
- Heart rate
- Skin Breakouts
- Hair Loss
- Changes in regular behavior
- Eating habits/appetite
- Easily distracted/Difficulty concentrating
- Sleeping patters
How can I better manage stress?
Effective time management is just one of many ways to keep from succumbing to stress overload. Here is a list of some other methods of stress management that you might want to experiment with to see what works best for your particular situation.
- Associate with people whom you enjoy and who support you.
- Learn and practice relaxation or meditation skills
- Engage in a vigorous physical exercise that is convenient and pleasurable. Sometimes it helps to get a friend to exercise with you.
- Don't let one thing dominate you, such as school work, relationships, jobs, sports, etc.
- View life as challenges to seek, not obstacles to avoid.
- Take responsibility for your life and your feelings, but never blame yourself.
- Maintain a reasonable diet and sane sleeping habits.
- Avoid the use of sleeping pills, tranquilizers, and other drugs to control stress.
- Protect your personal freedoms and space. Do what you want and feel, but respect the rights of others. Don't tell others what to do, but if they intrude, let them know.
- Find a time and place each day where you can have complete privacy. Take time off from others and pressures. Short time-outs during the day can help improve efficient functioning the rest of the day.
- Don't drift along in troublesome and stressful situations or relationships. Take action to change rather than trying to avoid the problem. Taking chances is the key to emotional well being.
- Surround yourself with cues from positive thoughts and relaxation.
- Review your obligations from time to time and make sure they are still good for you. If they are not, let them go.
- Open yourself to new experiences. Try new things, new foods, new places.
- When worries start to build up, talk to someone.
Throughout our lives, we are involved with many different kinds of relationships. We have friendships, romances, work and school-related connections, familial ties, and, quite often, relations that defy categorization. Each of these situations has the potential to enrich us, adding to our feelings of self-worth, enjoyment, and growth. These relationships are healthy.
On the other hand, in other situations, we may find ourselves feeling uncomfortable. It can be difficult to come to the realization that a lover, friend, colleague, or family member is not treating us with the respect we deserve. Keep in mind that in all kinds of kinships, there is likely to be some disagreement, need for compromise, and times of frustration. These alone do not necessarily indicate that a relationship is unhealthy. Here are some things to think about when considering whether a particular bond is a healthy one or not: (http://goaskalice.columbia.edu/healthy-vs-unhealthy-relationships)
In a healthy relationship, you:
- Treat each other with respect
- Feel secure and comfortable
- Are not violent with each other
- Can resolve conflict satisfactorily
- Enjoy the time you spend together
- Support one another
- Take interest in one another's lives
- Have privacy in the relationship
- Can trust each other
- Communicate clearly and openly
- Actively listen to each other's thoughts/feelings
- Have letter, phone calls, emails that are your own
- Encourage each other to have friendships
- Good times together outweigh the bad times
- Make healthy and indvidual decisions about sexual intimacy
In an unhealthy relationship, one or both of you:
- Try to control or manipulate the other
- Make the other feel bad about her/himself
- Ridicule or call names
- Dictate how the other dresses
- Do not make time for each other
- Criticize the other's friends, family, etc.
- Are afraid of the others temper
- Discourage the other from being close to anyone else
- Ignore each other when one is speaking
- Are overly possessive or get jealous about ordinary behavior
- Control the other's money or other resources
- Harm or threaten to harm children, family, pets, or personal items
- Use physical force or threats
Trust your instincts. If you have concerns about your being in an unhealthy relationship or you need to know how to help a friend or family member who is in an unhealthy relationship, there is help available:
- Counseling Services
Nestor Hall, Room 010
- Choices: Eliminating Domestic Violence
P.O. Box 06157, Columbus, Ohio 43206-0157
Information & crisis line: (614) 224-4663
or visit: www.choicesdvcols.org
- Love is Respect Hotline
(866) 331-9474 or visit: www.loveisrespect.org
- The Columbus Coalition Against Family Violence
655 East Livingston Avenue, Columbus, Ohio 43205
(614) 722-5985 or visit: www.thecolulmbuscoalition.org
- National Domestic Violence Hotline (24 hours a day 7 days a week)
National Bilingual Hotline (800) 799-SAFE (7233)
(will translate into over 130 languages)
TTY: (800) 787-3224
- Ohio Domestic Violence Network
- Family Violence Coalition at Nationwide Children's Hospital
- American Psychological Association (APA)
Offers a practice directory for referrals to psychological services
TTY: (800) 374-2721 (x6123)